PET collection and recycling rates in Europe significantly increased in 2016

Category: News

Out of 3,147,000 tonnes of PET bottles and containers placed in the European market in 2016, a remarkable number of 59.8% - in total 1,880,900 tonnes - were collected and of those, 1,773,200 tonnes mechanically recycled.

These conclusions come from the annual PCI Wood Mackenzie PET recycle survey for West Europe in 2016, commissioned by Petcore Europe. It shows that the collection rates increased by 7.4%, while the recycling rates also grew by 7.3%. In 2016, that resulted in 129.400 tonnes more collected and 120.000 tonnes more recycled PET compared to 2014.

"These PET collection and recycling rates are unreached in the plastics packaging industry while it is worth mentioning that PET recyclers still have unexploited capacities for recycling," states Paola Arlotti from Equipolymers, Petcore Europe President. "The figures clearly outline the crucial role of PET in a Circular Economy and for reaching the plastics recycling targets currently discussed on EU level."

The top 5 in PET collection

When it comes to more country specific figures, the survey reveals that the combined volumes reported for France, Germany and Italy represent 47.9% of the total volume collected in the region, continuing the gradual decline in the top three's share (48.5% in 2014 and 53.3% in 2011). These three largest countries in terms of collection volumes are now joined by two other countries that contribute a significant proportion of the regional total, namely Spain and UK. The combined total share of these five countries in the overall EU collection accounts for 70.9%.

Compostition of PET bales

The survey outlines a slightly more positive picture on the clear bottles amount compared to the previous years. Clear bottles accounted for 17.3% of the complete stream revealing an increase of 2.1% on the 2014 share and the first increase in share in five years.

"This is an encouraging sign for recyclers and hopefully this increased share is set to continue," outlines Christian Crepet, Petcore Europe Executive Director. "However, the quality of bales with additionally a total share of 26.4% clear/light blue bottles, 25.5% mixed colours including green/brown bottles, and 30.8% of unspecified mixed colours clearly continues to challenge the recycling industry. Therefore, we believe that there is a vital need for a detailed analysis of the unspecified waste stream which will be part of the 2018 study commissioned by Petcore Europe."

"As regards the quality of the bales, a shift to more high quality markets also requires a stable and high level sorted input," states Casper van den Dungen, Petcore Europe Vice-President. "The survey confirms an increased waste ratio at the recycling stage. Therefore, efficiency increase in collection and sorting is needed and would also contribute to the cost reduction of the total system in the long term."

PET bottle reclamation capacities

Compared to 2014, the capacity increased by 2.5% and the actual processed volume grew by 7.2%. With an actual processed PET amount of 1.773.200 tonnes and the nominal input capacity of 2.147.600 tonnes, the industry average operating rate approached 83% in 2016, compared to 79% in 2014.

"This is a positive result, especially considering all the challenges that the r-PET industry is facing: low virgin resin prices, r-PET pricing, pressure on margins, decreasing quality of bales and rising process loss," states Christian Crepet.

End markets for r-PET

With 38% the major market for r-PET in 2016 remained sheet, followed by blow-moulding applications with 26% and fibres with 24%. The remaining just over 11% are used for strapping and other applications.

About PET

PET (PolyEthylene Terephthalate) is a strong but lightweight form of clear polyester. It is used to make containers for soft drinks, juices, alcoholic drinks, water, edible oils, household cleaners and other food and non-food applications. Being a polymer, polyethylene terephthalate's molecules consist of long chains of repeating units only containing the carbon (C), oxygen (O) and hydrogen (H) organic elements.

About Petcore Europe 

Petcore Europe is the association representing the complete PET value chain in Europe.

Its mission is to ensure that the entire PET industry is well aligned to enhance its value and sustainable growth, to represent the PET industry before the European institutions and other stakeholders, to ensure that PET is positioned as an outstanding packaging material and recognised as environmentally sound, to support and validate innovative packaging solutions from a recycling perspective, and to work with all interested parties to ensure a continuous increase of PET post-consumer collection and recycling.

by PEAK Sourcing